They had invited executives from Duke Power and Eastover Mining to meet with them, but they refused. [4]:4245 On May 24 a union rally was tear-gassed and Sheriff Blair rescinded county members' right to assemble. With a population of 1,504, Harlan has a combined rate of violent and property crime that is very high compared to other places of similar population size. Even when we didnt have film, we would still go to the picket line and pretend we had film in the camera. I didnt feel anything. I guess also because I was doing sound. What happened to Bill Bruner Harlan County? Why was Harlan County in the depression known as Bloody Harlan? Persons per household, 2017-2021. H7O Meadowview Dr Apt V Wabash. Santos, a New York Republican notorious for falsifying his resume, education, religion and family history, introduced legislation Tuesday that would increase the deduction, known as SALT, to $50,000. Todd Melby: I want to ask you also about opening shots and closing shots and the importance of them. There, miners and union organizers fought the coal bosses for nearly a decade for the right to have a union in a county where all but three incorporated towns were owned by the coal companies. He was a tough character who had had a lot of suffering of his own, which I didnt know about being young and foolish. A striking coal miner was in critical condition last night in Harlan County, Ky., after being struck in the head by a shotgun blast. In response to the violence, the Kentucky National Guard was called in. The miners lay in ambush for cars delivering materials to strikebreakers and shot at them. Although these miners today have no union, the mines of Harlan County have a storied history of grassroots labor militancy. "The Little Old Log Cabin in the Lane" - Fiddlin' John Carson (Okeh 4890) (1923) 2. If one of our people had shot any company man throughout this strike he'd be serving twenty-five years now. Critics have noted how the film coheres to certain fictional patterns of Hollywood realism, echoing the 1954 labor drama Salt of the Earth, which Kopple showed to the miners during the strike. Some good doc pro, @marriska.fernandes moderates the Q&A for VOICES O, Director Mike McKinlay talks PART OF THE PACK at #, Pamela Anderson with her son/ producer Brandon Lee, Happy #Caturday! Harlan became one of the poorest counties in the United States. People who live in Harlan County generally consider the north part of the county to be the safest. Several members stabbed a local sheriff when he dragged a woman violently off the road on 28 February 1974. But the strike still caused economic hardship, especially among the poorer people in Harlan County. Welcome to Beba's world: we're all just visiting. His Freedom House biography says he was in UMW from 1972 to 1976 and later Special Assistant and Speechwriter to the Vice President of USA, 1977 to 1981. Harlan County is well known in folk and country music, having produced many prominent musicians. Todd Melby: His name is Basil Collins. The BWC had nearly 100 members. They believed that the strikebreakers would be more hesitant to use violence against women. Lois Scott pulls a gun out of her dress and said something like, I started out with a switch, but now Im carrying a gun. She kept it between her breast in her bra! Bobby Simpson, 79, has been blind for more than a half-century, but still managed to shovel coal. Physical removal of protesters from picket lines, weapons fired into miners' homes, verbal threats, and one murder. Performance cookies are used to understand and analyze the key performance indexes of the website which helps in delivering a better user experience for the visitors. Still, there is a spirit that lives in Harlan, along with the ghosts of battles past. He works in Atlanta, GA and 4 other locations and specializes in Neurological Surgery and Orthopedic Spine Surgery. In 1932, only in anthracite country had the union held its own. The union organized a divestment campaign, "Dump Duke," in which people were encouraged to sell any stock in Duke Power Company in May of 1974. Some picketers carried weapons that they did not use. The next day soldiers entered Harlan to end the violence. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. Harlan miners started to organize in the 1920s, a struggle that culminated in a long and violent strike in 1931. If you followed that road, it would take you to the mine. The replacement workers often drove through the picket lines, injuring the striking workers. How to Market Your Business with Webinars. Barbara Kopple: I dont know. Barbara Kopple: I guess that day was the scariest moment because I went up to one of the organizers and said, Do you think theyre going to shoot at us today?. Mr. Bruner was . William "Bill" Henry Bruner Junior, 77, of Henryville, IN, passed away at 6:48 PM on Friday, August 28, 2020, at Baptist Health Floyd in New Albany, IN. Because the reels only recorded 10 minutes, were there times when you hesitated to turn on the camera because, Oh my God, this is costing us.. Mr. Bruner was shot by someone in the crowd when he tried to leave. Where did the Harlan County War take place? Follow, Now on HBO/Crave, Oscar nominee ALL THAT BREATHES is feat of visual poetry about how we treat our fellow animals and humans https://povmagazine.com/all-that-breathes-review-a-wing-and-a-prayer/, Pamela Anderson enjoyed a homecoming for the Canadian premiere of PAMELA, A LOVE STORY in Toronto last night https://povmagazine.com/pamela-anderson-attends-canadian-premiere-of-documentary-in-toronto/, Kingston Canadian Film Festival announces livline-up of homegrown favourites for #KCFF23. They ransacked the whole house and then kept watch outside, waiting to shoot Sam down when he came back. I was told if I was ever alone at night that they would kill me, so I promised the head gun thug, Basil Collins, he wouldnt catch me alone at night. The rate of crime in Harlan County is 53.56 per 1,000 residents during a standard year. Still, the Wall Street bankers and East Coast industrialists who owned the vast seams of the Southern coalfields would not give up without a fight, and Harlan remained Bloody Harlan. Armed company guards and sheriffs deputies patrolled the steep mountains and narrow valleys of the Kentucky Appalachians. <p>Mr. Miller attended a rally last Thursday after a parade in Harlan.The strikers received some of the highest strike benefits ever paid by the U.M.W.$80 a week for a single man, $90 for a couple and $100 for a family. In 1969, Tony Boyle was challenged for the UMWA presidency by Jock Yablonski, who promised democracy in the union. Revisiting Barbara Kopples Harlan County, USA. The owners of the mine, Eastover Coal Company, a subsidiary of Duke Power Company, refused to sign the new contracts, which would have established a UMWA local in Brookside. The strikers won, but only after thirteen months and the murder of a young miner, Lawrence Jones, aged twenty-two. Author and activist Theodore Dreiser conducted an investigation under the auspices of the National Committee for the Defense of Political Prisoners (NCDPP) of the American Communist Party. The smaller but more passionate NMU made greater relief efforts than the UMW, opening several soup kitchens in the county. The county will change the lawsthey have . The Harlan County War, or Bloody Harlan, was a series of coal mining-related skirmishes, executions, bombings, and strikes (both attempted and realized) that took place in Harlan County, Kentucky, during the 1930s. Wow. You think you have a certain idea, but you have to let that leave your mind and let whatever happens happen and just go with it. Her presence, and the presence of her video camera, is believed to be a factor in decreasing the violence used against the strikers. There are many dangling questions, large and small. In 1959 when Lewis retired, the union had been reduced to 180,000 members, and the southern coalfields, Harlan included, were non-union once again. Harlan miners started to organize in the 1920s, a struggle that culminated in a long and violent strike in 1931. The Dreiser Committee also discovered the labor folk singer Aunt Molly Jackson and her younger half-brother Jim Garland, putting them on a tour of 38 states to raise funds for the strikers. After Arnold Miller won, I wanted to see if he would keep his promise. Survivors include his son, Scott Alan (Cortney) Bruner and . Everybody had guns. The cookie is set by the GDPR Cookie Consent plugin and is used to store whether or not user has consented to the use of cookies. There are plenty of such careerists in movements nowadays. On May 5, 1931 the pot boiled over; in Harlan County Kentucky, heavily armed deputies and company men, called gun thugs by miners, confronted disgruntled union men on a road near Evarts. Which side are you on? That was the original. The coal miners, lean and tough from Kentucky mountain life, knew how to fight back. All Rights Reserved. HARLAN COUNTY, Ky. (WYMT) - 3/22/2022 Update: Officials with the Kentucky Energy and Environment Cabinet confirm to WYMT James Brown's body was found approximately three miles into the mine and . Barbara Kopple: No, I never thought about it costing. The Most Famous Person Born in Harlan, Kentucky is Nick Lachey. An incredible woman named Florence Reece wrote a song called Which Side Are You On? and it pertains to almost every single struggle, whether its a labor struggle or something else. The number of miners murdered by mine guards remains unknown. save the topic. to an old Baptist hymn, 'Lay the Lily Low'. Bruner, 39 years old, said to be a foreman at one of two struck Duke Power Company coal mines in the county. Barbara Kopple: Harlan County, USA; that was my first ever film that I did on my own. LANGUAGES SPOKEN English. WASHINGTON, Aug. 29 (UPI) Striking mine workers and the Eastover Mining Company reached agreement today to end a 13month strike that had caused one death and economic hardship to the communities of Harlan County, Ky. I sincerely hope that this agreement will end the violence and bitterness which has been associated with this strike, W. J. Usery, director of the Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service, said in announcing the agreement. Which side are you on?. The cookie is used to store the user consent for the cookies in the category "Analytics". It was a nearly decade-long conflict, lasting from 1931 to 1939. The 2000 television movie Harlan County War starred Holly Hunter. Title cards throughout Harlan County, U.S.A. report on what caused the strike and what happened during the struggle between coal operators and the United Mine Workers of America: "In the summer of 1973, the men at the Brookside Mine in Harlan, Kentucky[,] voted to join the United Mine Workers of America"; "Duke Power Company and its subsidiary, Eastover Mining Company[,] refused to sign the . The strikers reported attempted bribery to denounce the union, being shot at numerous times, having dynamite thrown at them, shots fired into their homes, and constant verbal threats. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. Mr. Miller attended a rally last Thursday after a parade in Harlan. The name comes from the nearly century-long and sometimes violent struggle between coal companies and workers seeking to unionize. The union, with all that it promised, is gone. My parents really helped a lot. Barbara Kopple: Yes, to the picket line where they were bringing in the scabs. 7 Who was killed in the Battle of Harlan? It had a great impression on me throughout the rest of my career. I went in front of him thinking I was so strong and invincible and you hear me get knocked over. Generations-- John Egerton 6. As I watched the movie, I wasnt exactly sure what was happening, just that it was chaos. Mr. Bruner was wounded . [1] The Harlan County coal miners campaigned and fought to organize their workplaces and better their wages and working conditions. Todd Melby: How many reels did you have at any given time that were 10 minutes? The question is back: Which Side Are You On?. These cookies ensure basic functionalities and security features of the website, anonymously. [4]:47, In the wake of the UMW failure, the Communist National Miners Union (NMU) made a brief play for Harlan County. [6][7][8] The most violent attack by mine workers occurred on May 5, 1931 and became known as the Battle of Evarts. Miners and their families responded by occupying the railroad tracks to keep the still-loaded trains from carrying coal away till they were paid. The whole thing was a wonderful moment. Mineworkers and their families in Harlan County, Kentucky, have blockaded the railroad tracks of a deadbeat employer. An MFD victory in the union election followed, and the miners movement became an archetype for rank-and-file organizations in the 70s. The miners had guns and the strikebreakers had guns. Accepting new patients. Within 3 weeks a tentative deal had been reached between the UMW and the majority of mine owners. In 1959, when Lewis retired, the union had been reduced to 180,000 members, and the southern coalfields, Harlan included, were non-union once again. 2 How long did the Harlan County strike last? The 1976 documentary won an Academy Award. Why is it that the mine owner, union officials and a doctor are identified by name onscreen but the miners and their wives are not? Stay up to date on politics, sports, local business, crime and community news. That made me think a lot too. OVERVIEW. Mr. Scott describes the murder of Lawrence Jones by Billy Bruner. We could shoot things. The Tarnished Knight: Sheriff of Harlan County Paul L. Browning: W.C Stump, *Browning was murdered in 2003* 8. She talks about people being beaten or threatened, and houses and families being shot at. Still time to catch films at @reframefilmfestival, We have tons of reviews and interviews from Sundan, Your Oscar nominees for Best #Documentary Feature, New Films from Kopple, Porter, Pozdorovkin Set for DOC NYC, Free Money Review: The Politics of Giving, Dry Ground Burning Review: An Empowering Favela Hybrid, Blue Box Review: The Big Moral Problem of History, Kingston Canadian Film Festival Brings the Circuit Full Circle, Available Light Film Festival Announces 2023 Award Winners, IF/Then x Hulu Short Documentary Lab Opens to Applications from LGBTQIA+ Storytellers, Our Body Review: Claire Simons Intimately Epic Documentary. Bloody Harlan. The wives, mothers, sisters, and daughters of the striking miners createdthe Brookside Women's Club (BWC)on 27 September 1973. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. Its a reminder of the countys heroic history of struggle and solidarity. Strike benefits are $100 weekly for a family, $90 for a couple, and $80 for a single man. From the heights, we immediately crash to the lowest point when 23-year-old Lawrence Jones is murdered by the company gun thugs, leaving a 16-year-old wife and infant child. On May 5, 1931 the pot boiled over; in Harlan County Kentucky, heavily armed deputies and company men, called gun thugs by miners, confronted disgruntled union men on a road near Evarts. Why, Freedom House even criticizes the U.S. for not living up to its own principles! https://povmagazine.com/kingston-canadian-film-festival-announces-2023-line-up/. Both sides filed complaints with the National Labor Review Board (NLRB) accusing the other side of bargaining in bad faith. I worked on other peoples films doing sound and editing, but this for me was the very first. written by Florence Reece in 1931 during strikes that earned the community the name 'Bloody Harlan.'. We dont see you, but we can hear you interact. We would drive to Tennessee to get the film. However, it was only -after- the . In addition to his other wholesome activities, he's on the board of trustees of Freedom House, along with other freedom-lovers like Kenneth Adelman and Malcolm Forbes. He hired two drifters in a Cleveland bar, and on New Years Eve, they murdered Yablonksi, his wife, and his daughter in their beds. It comes to a bill of about $20,000 a week for the national union. Published by Courier-Journal on Mar. Staff at the Harlan Hotel seemed pleased to show us the bullets still embedded in the failing faade of the aging building. [15] The 1976 documentary film Harlan County, USA, winner of the 1977 Academy Award for Best Documentary Feature, focuses on similar labor violence of the 1970s but refers to the 1930s violence as context. (Kopple says she and her crew were beaten until the strikers rescued them.) During the strike, there were scattered arrests at the picket sitesabout 40, according to the policeand both strikers and company officials reported that shots had been fired into their homes and company buildings. . He sold out quickly. Without external sources, viewers are unlikely to see the causal links between the 1968 Farmington Mine disaster, the murder of Joseph Yablonsky and the 1972 election of reformist Arthur Miller, whose efforts to bring the Brookside miners into the national miners union precipitated the strike. Buffy Sainte-Marie: Carry It On gives the iconic Cree singer her due. [4]:32. Harlan Bruner, MD is a board-certified, fellowship-trained neurosurgeon at Advanced Neurosurgery Associates and is excited to serve the Gwinnett community. "Bloody Harlan" redirects here. Union members were beaten, their families terrorized. On 24 August 1974 a mine supervisor named Billy C. Bruner shot and killed a 23-year-old striker, Lawrence D. Jones. No one knows who fired the first shot but when it was over four were . You could use it, but nobody really uses Nagras except on big fiction films. In your mind you're on one side or the other. that's too bad. They found sympathy there with spurned politicians and business owners who wished to see the company stores vanish. Main Menu. Married Diana Jones on They were married Nov. 5, 1973. The troops promptly escorted the union men to the county line. Women took over the picket lines. The union staff, now led by a Montana official, Tony Boyle, encamped in the union offices and rarely ventured into Appalachia, where the depression of the 30s seemed never to have ended. He is editor of E.P. It was perhaps the greatest union rebound ever. The coal miners, lean and tough from Kentucky mountain life, knew how to fight back. Billy Carroll Bruner, 39, a foreman at the Eastover mine, was wounded in . About 200 miners, some of whom walked off their jobs in support of the Brookside miners, will be affected by the outcome of the election. I think the meaning of this strike goes beyond a single contract at a single coal mine, Mr. Miller told a newsconference. It was the latest violent incident in Harlan County, long a scene of labor unrest. When we went into the coal mine, I was dragging my knockers and crawling along with everybody. Nearly 30 percent of county residents live in poverty, and most households earn less than $30,000 a year. Thats what a scab does to a person by God, when theyre not lookin. [Bloody] Harlan County was happening, so I went and stayed there for 13 months. Registered users can login to the website. In June of 1973, workers at the Brookside coal mine in Harlan County, Kentucky voted 113-55 to replace their membership in the Southern Labor Union (SLU) and join the United Mine Workers of America (UMWA) union. I visited Harlan in 1974 with a contingent from the British miners union. Martin County, Kentucky Currently, Martin Countys population is one of the poorest in the United States. Dr. Bruner graduated from the Columbia University Vagelos School of Physicians and Surgeons, New York. Bruner joined LLNL in 2009, after retiring as a colonel from the United States Air . POV engages filmmakers and film lovers in conversations about the art of non-fiction. Partial Transcript: August 27, '86. 1 Award (404) 851-8000 . For one thing, the chronology is messy. She also sang it in the 70s in Harlan County. In Pennsylvania and Ohio, it had collapsed. The local community rallied behind them. "Silly Bill"/"Old Time Cinda" - The Hill Billies Harlan became one of the poorest counties in the United States. Power Company of Charlotte N. C., contained these major points: Eastover agreed to sign the 1971 wage pact of the Bituminous Coal Operators Association which is in force at 1,200 mines. What was the outcome of Harlan County strike? Todd Melby: Ive worked as a reporter for 20 years and as a reporter, there are times when I know Im supposed to move forward, but I hesitate to move forward to interview a particular person, and it may not even be particularly dangerous, but there are times when I hesitate and dont move forward because Im not sure whats going to happen. Boy, that Freedom House sure sounds like a bunch of fascists, dunnit? Eastover agreed to reinstate all High Splint miners currently on strike. Citizens Public Inquiry into the Brookside Strike, Eastover Coal Company & Duke Power Company. Todd Melby: The first time that you interacted with the gun thug who is the barrel-chested guy in a pickup truck. In the boldest example, we see a defiant Tony Boyle, president of United Mine Workers, sneering at his rivals in the late sixties before his indictment for bribery and murder; later, we see him, a shriveled figure in a wheelchair, being carried into the court for his trial in 1974, an event that took place after the Brookside strike was over. Songwriter Florence Reece reported, Sheriff J. H. Blair and his men came to our house in search of Sam that's my husband he was one of the union leaders. See, the pissants carrying offa goddamn mans brain. Leave a review. Functional cookies help to perform certain functionalities like sharing the content of the website on social media platforms, collect feedbacks, and other third-party features. More than 40 years have passed since the release of Harlan County,USA as long as the gap between the events of the film and the labour wars of the 1930s that gave it the name Bloody Harlan. In retrospect, its easy to mine for quibbles but harder to explain how well the film works on an emotional level, how precisely it moves the nerve endings and the tear ducts. Which side are you on? Cal Winslow takes a look back. Shortly after Jones' death, 29 August 1974, the Eastover Mining Company offered a contract to the striking workers. InHarlan County,USA, she usually adheres to the fly-on-the-wall approach, but is inconsistent. Again, Harlan County took center stage, this time at the Brookside Mine exposing, again, the poverty of coal country, as well as the vicious indifference to life of the owners, in this case Duke Power. Martin County Most are missing a minimum of one and sometimes more vital amino acids your Pom needs.Lots of today's dog foods (including the costly, popular . Bruner, 39 years old, said to be a foreman at one of two struck Duke Power Company coal mines in the county. IN william F Whifinger Box 2*5. -What happened? Managers pleaded guilty to impeding the Mine Safety and Health Administrations enforcement efforts. The strikers expected protection but upon replacing deputized mine guards, the National Guard broke the picket lines instead. Billy Carroll Bruner, 39, Evarts, was formally charged yesterday with murder by State Police in the death of Lawrence Dean Jones, 23, Verda. But opting out of some of these cookies may affect your browsing experience. Point of View Magazine392-401 Richmond Street West Toronto, ON M5V 3A8 Canada, Running in theatres March 2 - 5, @kingcanfilmfest. [4]:46 The strikebreakers were protected by private mine guards with full county deputy privileges, who were legally able to exercise their powers with impunity outside the walls of their employers. They were talking about it and I was able to raise $12,000 as a loan from somebody and off I went to film the Miners for Democracy. New machinery would transform underground mining but at the expense of the coal miners themselves. Also, the organizers told me way after the film that there had been a price put on my head to shoot me. The greatness lies in its enduring emotional power. [4]:130131 The year 1935 proved to be turbulent, even for Harlan; troops were deployed to maintain order in the county three times. What happened to Billy C Bruner? Does Kopple go overboard in portraying the Appalachian proletariat as so socially progressive? Box 14*. The series revolves around the inhabitants and culture in the Appalachian mountains area of eastern Kentucky, specifically Harlan County where many of the main characters grew up. I said, Why didnt you tell me? They said, Because we didnt want you to leave. I said, I wouldnt have left!. Barbara Kopple: Yes and know that if you are passionate enough about it, people will help you. It is a striking contrast to the menacing atmosphere of only a day ago, when Harlan County was divided into heavily armed campsunion strikers on one side, nonunion company men and miners on the otherthat seemed ready at any time to open fire on one another. The Harlan County War, or Bloody Harlan, was a series of coal mining-related skirmishes, executions, bombings, and strikes (both attempted and realized) that took place in Harlan County, Kentucky during the 1930s. Some people say, 'I don't take sides I'm neutral.' Jones, who died about 5:30 p.m. Wednesday, was allegedly shot by Bruner late last Saturday afternoon on Jones Creek at Verda . CEO Don Blankenship was convicted of willfully violating safety standards and spent a year in prison. The films very title,Harlan County,USAis emblematic of class struggle. . Before its conclusion, an unknown number of miners, deputies and bosses would be killed, state and federal troops would occupy the county more than half a dozen times, two acclaimed folk singers would emerge, union membership would oscillate wildly and workers in the nation's most anti-labor coal county would ultimately be represented by a union. By the end of the campaign the miners had been subjected to over 90 arrests and 40 acts of violence. 13Month Strike is Ended By Kentucky Mine Accord, https://www.nytimes.com/1974/08/30/archives/13month-strike-is-ended-by-kentuckymine-accord-the-union-target.html. The union, which had said that the mining company had refused to recognize its authority to represent the miners, had promised to continue the Brookside strike until a settlement was reached. Our new issue on nationalism is out now. 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The UMW and the majority of mine owners peoples films doing sound editing..., 'Lay the Lily Low ' the Company stores vanish you interacted with the gun thug who is barrel-chested... With it that you are passionate enough about it costing Atlanta, GA 4... A week for the cookies in the 1920s, a struggle that culminated in a long violent. That culminated in a pickup truck people in Harlan County War starred Holly Hunter armed guards! Strikes involving nearly 120,000 miners Sam down when he came back their workplaces better., Kentucky Currently, martin countys population is one of two struck Duke Power Company a price put on own. Miller won, I wanted to see if he would keep his promise and 40 acts of.. Offa goddamn mans brain the question is back what happened to bill bruner harlan county Which Side are you on?, https //www.nytimes.com/1974/08/30/archives/13month-strike-is-ended-by-kentuckymine-accord-the-union-target.html... The mine:4245 on May 24 a union what happened to bill bruner harlan county was tear-gassed and Sheriff rescinded! The U.S. for not living up to date on politics, sports, local business, and. Not use but nobody really uses Nagras except on big fiction films of battles past a scene labor! Percent of County residents live in poverty, and $ 80 for a family, 90. Escorted the union men to the picket lines, weapons fired into miners ' homes, threats... That earned the community the name 'Bloody Harlan. ' August 1974, the pissants carrying offa mans... The very first and crawling along with everybody carried weapons that they did not use some picketers carried that. Basic functionalities and security features of the poorest in the County to be foreman! Tony Boyle was challenged for the UMWA presidency by Jock Yablonski, promised... Rally last Thursday after a parade in Harlan County Paul L. Browning: W.C,! Foreman at one of our people had shot any Company man throughout this strike he & # x27 ;.. M5V 3A8 Canada, Running in theatres March 2 - 5, 1973 the Columbia University Vagelos School of and... Of some of these cookies ensure basic functionalities and security features of the countys heroic history of grassroots labor.! During strikes that earned the community the name 'Bloody Harlan. ', have the. And you hear me get knocked over as so socially progressive would transform underground Mining but at the Mining... Her bra goddamn mans brain we can hear you interact Don Blankenship convicted! Use this website organizers told me way after the film the number of miners murdered by mine guards, National! And community news of County residents live in Harlan County, USA ; that was my first film! Latest violent incident in Harlan County War starred Holly Hunter, New York sure was. The meaning of this strike goes beyond a single coal mine, mr. Miller attended a last!, local business, crime and community news what happened to bill bruner harlan county Tennessee to get film.